The National Institute for Computational Sciences

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Kraken’s ability to simulate phenomena beyond the bounds of observation promises to significantly improve our understanding in multiple scientific arenas. For example, despite our knowledge of the human body, some of the most elementary biological processes remain a mystery, at least for now.

One area in which Kraken’s presence will surely be felt is climate change. With the consensus that carbon dioxide is altering the Earth’s climate, the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has asked climate modelers to perform a new type of short-term climate simulation.

A team led by P.K. Yeung of Georgia Tech is investigating fundamental problems of dispersion in turbulent fluid flow, which plays a crucial role in pollutant transport in both atmospheric and oceanic environments. These numerical simulations allow researchers to track the motions of large numbers of infinitesimally small particles in fluids and closely examine their movement away from one another under the influence of differing lengths and timescales.

Core-collapse supernovas, stars whose iron cores exceed the Chandrasekhar mass and implode under their own weight, litter the universe with most of the elements in the periodic table—all of the gold in California is the result of their demise.

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